How To Make Air Dry Clay? (A Few Easy Projects To Get You Started)




Principal Learnings

  • Air dry clay is one of the most popular types of clay available out there. 
  • You can make tons of amazing things with air dry clay.
  • It’s the easiest caly to work with even for beginners.

Are you looking for a fun and creative DIY clay project? How about making your own air-dried clay? This versatile material is easy to work with and can be transformed into a stunning piece. Now are you confused how to make air dry clay.

How To Make Air Dry Clay feature image

In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process step-by-step, from choosing the right materials to molding and shaping the clay, and finally, drying and finishing your pillar. With a little patience and creativity, you’ll be able to create your very own air-dry clay. By making this you can be showcasing your creativity. That is both beautiful and unique. So, let’s dive in and get those hands dirty!

Table of Contents

Basic Ingredients For How To Make Air Dry Clay At Home

Here is the best homemade air dry clay recipe. This is a very simple recipe

Basic Ingredients For How To Make Air Dry Clay At Home 1 1


Choosing The Right Type Of Flour

Choosing the right type of flour plays an important role in clay’s final texture and consistency. You can use all-purpose flour for a balanced mixture, or you can experiment with different types of flour. Now, the task is how to make air dry clay with flour. Let’s discuss how to make clay

Adjusting For Different Textures

  • For a smoother finish, choose finer flour, and for a rough texture, choose coarser flour. 
  • Adjust the water by slowly adding it to the flour to get the desired consistency.


Gradual Addition For Consistency

  • Do not add all the water at once. 
  • Instead, add gradually and keep stirring continuously to mix well and get the perfect consistency.

Achieving The Right Dough-Like Texture

  • All you need here is to get the right dough-like texture. 
  • If the dough feels too wet, add flour. 
  • On the other hand, if the dough feels too dry, add more water in a small amount until you get the desired consistency.


Purpose Of Salt In The Mixture 

  • Using salt on the air-dried clay will prevent bacteria and mold from growing on the clay while drying. 
  • Salt also gives a texture that many might love to have on the clay sculpture.

Balancing Preservation And Texture 

  • Do not use too much salt for preservation since it will make the clay too crumbly while using too little will hamper the preservation process.

Optional Ingredients For Customization 

Here are a few optional ingredients for customization.

Optional Ingredients for Customization


Enhancing Smoothness 

  • Use bits of cornstarch to get a smoother and silkier texture in your clay sculpture. 
  • Cornstarch reduces the graininess of the mixture.

Adjusting For Firmness

  • You can use cornstarch to get the ideal firmness of your clay. 
  • Use a bit more cornstarch for a softer consistency.

Are you thinking how to make air dry clay without cornstarch. To making air dry clay without cornstarch is very simple you have to just mix your cups baking soda cornflour, and cups of water. Cook the ingredients on the stove until the mixture thickens, then knead and shape the clay. Allow it to air dry for your desired projects.

White Glue

Adding Elasticity 

  • White glue can be used to increase the elasticity of the clay. 
  • White glue makes the clay more flexible and less prone to crack. 

Improving Adhesion

  • White glue also improves adhesion between different parts of clay sculpture. This is very helpful for complex sculpture.

Baby Oil Or Vegetable Oil

Preventing Cracks

  • Adding baby oil or vegetable oil will make the clay crack, preventing it during the drying process. 
  • Oil provides additional moisture that keeps the clay more pliable as it dries.
  • Generally, homemade air dry clay that doesn’t crack.

Achieving A Smoother Finish 

  • Baby oil or vegetable oil gives a smoother and shinier or glaze air dry clay.
  • You can experiment with different quantities.

How To Make Air Dry Clay: Step-by-Step Instructions For Making Air Dry Clay

Let’s check out how to make air dry clay with an easy-to-follow guide.

Step by Step Instructions for Making Air Dry Clay

Mixing Dry Ingredients 

Combining Flour And Salt

  • Mix flour and salt in a bowl. This will form the base for the air-dry clay mixture.

Incorporating Cornstarch If Desired

  • Add cornstarch for smoother and better firmness. Just make sure to distribute evenly, for your cornstarch clay.

Gradual Addition of Wet Ingredients

Adding Water Slowly

  • Add water slowly to the dry mixture. Stir continuously to avoid lumps and to get an even consistency. 

Adjusting Consistency As Needed

  • While adding water, if the clay feels too wet, add more flour. 
  • If it feels too dry, add more water.

Kneading and Testing

Achieving A Uniform Texture

  • As soon as the initial mixture is done, transfer it onto a clean surface and knead the clay thoroughly. 
  • This will help to achieve a uniform texture.

Conducting Test Projects:

  • Try some small clay for craft projects before initiating the main project. 
  • This will help you to know if the clay is workable or perfect for your project or not.

Adding Optional Ingredients

Glue Or Oils

  • Using glue will increase the elasticity
  • A common question arises in our mind that is how to make air dry clay shiny. Oil will make the sculpture more shiny and smoother.

If you are thinking about how to make air dry clay without glue. This is an optional step you can definitely make your clay without glue. Just skip your glue only

Balancing For Desired Characteristics

  • Use the optional ingredients at different proportions to get the desired texture. 
  • Experiment with different ingredients and different proportions.

Are you thinking about how to make air dry clay for sculpting. Well, the answer is the process is the same that I mentioned.

Tips For Working With Homemade Air-Dry Clay

Working with homemade air-dry clay can be a fun and rewarding experience. However, it can also be challenging. So, Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your clay crafting experience.

Tips For Working With Homemade Air Dry Clay

Dusting With Cornstarch

  • One of the first things you should do when working with homemade air dry clay is to dust your work surface & working tools.
  • You have to prevent the clay from sticking to them, making it easier for you to shape and mold your creations.

Preventing Stickiness

In addition to dusting with cornstarch, there are other ways you can prevent stickiness when working with homemade air-dry clay:

  • Keep Your Hands Moist: Wetting your hands slightly before handling the clay can help reduce stickiness.
  • Use Wax Paper: Placing wax paper on your work surface before starting can also help prevent stickiness.
  • Let It Rest: If the clay becomes too sticky while you’re working on it, let it rest for a few minutes until it becomes more manageable.

Enhancing Workability

The workability of homemade air dry clay refers to how easy it is to shape and mold into different forms:

  • Kneading helps improve its elasticity, making it easier to shape.
  • If the dough is too hard or crumbly, add a little bit more water. It can make all the difference in its pliability.

Creating A Smooth Surface 

In my experience, creating smooth surfaces on homemade air-dry clays requires patience and practice.

  • Using pottery or sculpting tools or cookie cutters can help you achieve a smooth surface.
  • Once the clay is dry, you can use sandpaper to smooth out any rough spots.

Using Water Or Oil For Finishing: 

Applying water or oil to your finished piece can give it a polished look.

  • Use a damp sponge or brush to apply water on the surface of your piece.
  • A thin layer of oil can also be used for finishing and will give your piece a glossy finish.

Smoothing Cracks And Imperfections

Cracks and imperfections are common when working with homemade air-dry clay, but they’re easy to fix:

  • You can use extra clay to fill in any cracks.While the clay is still wet.
  • Once the clay has dried, you can sand down any imperfections until they’re no longer visible.

Storing Homemade Air-Dry Clay

Storing homemade air-dry clay or excess clay properly is crucial to maintaining its quality and extending its lifespan. There are several methods you can use to store your clay, including using airtight containers, refrigeration, and proper drying techniques, and reuse air dry clay.

Airtight Containers 

  • One of the most effective ways to store homemade air dry clay is in an airtight container. 
  • This method helps prevent the clay from drying out prematurely. 
  • To do this, wrap your clay in plastic wrap or put it into a ziplock bag before placing it into the container. 

Refrigeration Considerations

  • Refrigerating your homemade air dry clay can also help prolong its life.
  • However, remember not to freeze it. 
  • When storing it in the refrigerator, ensure that your clay is well-wrapped.

Air Drying And Curing

  • Air drying is another important aspect of storing homemade air-dried clay properly. 
  • After molding your creation with the clay, allow it to sit at room temperature until completely dried out.
  • This process could take up to 24 hours, depending on the size of your project.
  • Curing refers to hardening or setting something by heat or chemical action. 

Choosing The Right Drying Conditions

  • Choosing the right drying conditions for air dry clay 
  • Also avoid places with high humidity levels as moisture could prevent them from fully drying out.

Adequate Ventilation

  • Ensure that the area where you’re letting your creations dry is well-ventilated. 
  • This helps speed up the drying process and also prevents any potential build-up of mold or mildew on your clay items.

Avoiding Rapid Drying

  • Rapid drying can cause your clay creations to crack or warp. 
  • Generally, allow them to dry naturally at their own pace for best results. 
  • If you’re in a hurry & think how to make air dry clay dry faster. Consider using a fan on a low setting instead of resorting to heat sources like ovens or hairdryers.

Project-Specific Drying Techniques

When working with air clay, it’s important to consider the drying techniques that are best suited for your specific project. 

Project Specific Drying Techniques

Flat Vs. Sculpted Projects

The drying technique you choose will largely depend on whether your project is flat or sculpted. 

  • Flat projects are generally easier to dry 
  • Because they have less surface area and fewer crevices where moisture can get trapped. 

On the other hand, 

  • Sculpted projects require more attention during the drying process to ensure that all parts of the sculpture dry evenly and thoroughly.

Supporting Structures For Complex Designs

  • For complex designs that involve multiple pieces of clay or intricate details.
  • Supporting structures may be necessary during the drying process.
  •  These structures can be made from wire mesh, cardboard, or other materials.

Painting And Sealing Air Dry Clay

  • Once your air-dry clay project has completely dried.
  • You can paint and seal it for added durability and aesthetic appeal.
  • You can also use nail polish on your clay 

Acrylic Paints

  • If you are thinking about what to use for paint air dry clay. Acrylic paints are ideal for painting air clay 
  • Because they adhere well to the surface of the clay and come in a wide range of colors.

Varnishes Or Sealant Options

  • After painting your air-dry clay project, applying a varnish or sealant will help protect it from damage caused by moisture exposure. 
  • There are many different types of varnishes available on the market.
  •  Including gloss varnish, which gives a shiny finish; matte varnish, which provides a non-glossy finish; satin varnish, which offers somewhere between glossy & matte finish, etc., 
  • So you can choose the one that best suits your project’s needs.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Working with clay can be a rewarding experience, but it can also present some challenges. Here are some common issues and how to troubleshoot them.

Cracking During Drying 

One of the most common problems when working with clay is cracking during the drying process. This usually happens because

  • The clay dries too quickly or unevenly. 
  • To prevent this, try to dry your piece slowly and evenly. 
  • Cover it loosely with plastic and let it dry in a cool, 
  • Dry place away from direct sunlight or heat sources.

Adjusting Clay Composition

Sometimes, you may need to adjust the composition of your clay to achieve the desired results. For example, 

  • If your clay is too soft or sticky, 
  • You might need to add more sand. 
  • If your clay is too hard or brittle, try adding more water or vinegar.

Proper Drying Techniques

Proper drying techniques can help prevent many common problems such as cracking or warping. Here are some tips:

  • Dry your pieces slowly: Rapid drying can cause cracking.
  • Dry evenly: Uneven drying can lead to warping.
  • Rotate your pieces: This helps ensure even drying.
  • Use a damp box: A damp box keeps humidity levels consistent which helps prevent cracking.

Stickiness Or Softness

If your clay feels sticky or overly soft after kneading, it could mean 

  • There’s excess moisture content in it. It can make shaping difficult and increases the chances of cracks while drying. 
  • On the other hand if you think how to make air dry clay soft again. You can resolve this by wedging the clay on a plaster bat, which absorbs excess water.

Additional Drying Time

Sometimes, extra time for your air dry clay drying time. 

  • This is especially true for larger pieces or pieces with thick walls. 
  • If your piece is not completely dry before firing, it could explode in the kiln.
  • To check if your piece is dry, touch it with your cheek. If it feels cool, it’s still damp and needs more drying time.

Modifying Ingredients For Firmness

If you find that your clay lacks firmness and tends to slump or deform easily during shaping, you might need to modify its ingredients. 

  • Adding sand can increase the structural integrity of the clay and make it more resistant to deformation. 
  • However, be careful not to add too much as this can make the clay too rough and difficult to work with.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I Make Air Dry Clay At Home?

Yes, you can make air-dry clay at home using common household ingredients. There are various recipes available, typically involving a combination of flour, salt, water, and sometimes additional components like oil or cream of tartar.

What Is A Substitute For Air Dry Clay?

A substitute for air-dry clay can be salt dough, cold porcelain, homemade clay recipe (made from baking soda and cornstarch), salt and flour dough, or even paper mache. Playdough, whether store-bought or homemade, can also serve as an alternative for certain projects. Choose based on the specific requirements of your crafting or sculpting needs.

How Do You Make Homemade Molding Clay?

To make homemade molding clay, mix 2 cups flour, 1 cup salt, 1 tablespoon cream of tartar, 2 tablespoons vegetable oil, and 1.5 cups boiling water. Knead the dough, sculpt your creations, and let them air dry.

How Do You Make 3 Ingredient Air Dry Clay?

To make 3-ingredient air-dry clay, mix 1 cup of cornstarch, 1 1/4 cups of white school glue, and 2 tablespoons of baby oil or vegetable oil. Knead the mixture until smooth, then sculpt your creations. Allow them to air dry completely for your finished projects.

Polymer Clay, Air-Dry Clay, Terracotta Clay, Porcelain Clay, Stoneware Clay, Ball Clay, Kaolin Clay, Paper Clay, and Fire Clay


Crafting air-dry clay pillars can be a rewarding and accessible creative. The comprehensive guide provided offers step-by-step instructions about how to make air dry clay. 

Emphasizing the importance of ingredient proportions, mixing techniques, and drying conditions. By following this guide, individuals can enjoy the process of making air-dry clay pillars for various artistic or decorative purposes. 

The versatility of air-dry clay, combined with detailed instructions, allows both beginners and experienced crafters to explore their creativity and produce unique, personalized pillars. 

Whether used for art projects, home décor, or educational purposes, the guide provides a solid foundation for anyone looking to engage in the satisfying world of crafting with air-dry clay pillars.

About the author

Written By

William Prince

William Prince

Meet William Prince!

With over 20 years of ceramic artistry experience, William Prince is not just a skilled potter; he’s a passionate guide to your pottery journey. William holds a Fine Arts degree specialized in pottery and he was also nurtured under the guidance of renowned potters. With over two decades of experience, he seamlessly blends tradition with contemporary aesthetics.

William’s inspiration stems from nature’s imperfections, translating them into unique, organic pottery pieces. As a patient and warm-hearted teacher, he’s known for conducting pottery workshops and classes, nurturing talents with his expertise. Join William on “” and let his mastery inspire your own pottery adventure. Uncover the magic of crafting pottery with a trusted mentor who’s dedicated to both the art and the artist.

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